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创作歌曲的6个步骤

撰文:朱子阳、郑斌彦

如今,越来越多的人想要自己写歌、创作歌曲。不论是为了成名、赚钱,还是为了个人兴趣和梦想,科技的进步带来了更多便利,让任何人都能在家中创作自己的音乐,并将其发布到网络上,传播到全世界。


但是,一首歌究竟是如何诞生的呢?今天就让我来告诉你创作歌曲的六个步骤吧!


1)设定主题

设定主题可以说是自创歌曲最重要的环节了。你的歌曲想要传达什么故事,蕴含怎样的情感,是否能给观众带来共鸣?这些都是在创作的一开始就必须设立的。这里为大家整理了几项设定主题时可以考虑的方向。


曲风:你想创作一首快歌还是慢歌?是舞曲,摇滚,抒情,爵士,还是富有民族气息的曲风?


听众:这首歌是写给儿童,成年人,恋爱中的情侣,还是走过人生半载的长者?不同的年龄层,喜欢的歌曲类型都会有所不同。


目的:这是一首表白情歌,还是一首歌颂友谊的曲子?是为了推广品牌而写的广告主题曲,还是为特定节日(如新年)而创作的歌曲?


2)创作草稿

设定好主题后,就可以开始为歌词起草啦!词曲的创作往往不是一气呵成的,而是一点一滴慢慢完成。


如果你在洗澡、睡觉前等某个时刻突然有了灵感,脑中浮现出一段歌词或旋律,那么就可以马上使用手机将其记录下来,或者使用手机的录音功能录下旋律。


这里建议大家,写歌词的时候,可以先写几个关键字,然后再慢慢延伸下去。当这首歌有了“雏形”,就可以正式作词和作曲了。


3)写词作曲

其实“写词”和“作曲”是两道不同的工序,有人喜欢先词后曲,有人喜欢先曲后词。当然,也有人可以在写词的同时就把曲调也创作出来了。任何顺序都没有对错,最重要找到自己喜欢的方式。


歌曲的创作,类似于讲述一个故事,它不一定需要花哨的语言,更重要的是歌词能否打动人心。例如《童话》《老鼠爱大米》,虽然歌词很简单,却能够引起大众的共鸣。


作曲的方式也有很多,一般上音乐人会简单的钢琴或者吉他来制作DEMO。但是,如果你不会任何乐器也没关系!你可以用清唱的方式,把歌曲的主旋律录起来,再找专业的音乐人为你的主旋律编曲(制作伴奏),就可以了。


4)制作编曲

很多人不理解“作曲”和“编曲”的区别。简单来说,“作曲”就是告诉大家,这首歌怎么唱,“编曲”就是制作伴奏(卡拉OK)。


编曲可以使用实录乐器或虚拟乐器。现在,几乎任何乐器(如钢琴、吉他、小提琴、鼓)都可以用电子模拟出来。对于非专业人士来说,几乎分不出实录乐器和虚拟乐器之间的差别。


实录乐器有独特的音色,能够给人真实和细腻的感觉,但成本较高。虚拟乐器有着更广泛的音色和音效选择,虽然听起来不够真实,但胜在制作成本低,而且后期处理方便。市面上很多歌曲都结合了实录乐器和虚拟乐器,达到既省钱又真实的视听效果。


5)正式录音

编曲完成后,就差你把美妙的歌声录制进去啦!


关于录制方面,你可以选择在家自行录制,或者寻找专业的录音室及录音老师协助。寻找专业录音室的好处是可以使用专业的录音设备进行录制。录音老师还可以实时指导,并且可以马上重录有瑕疵的部分。若选择在家录制,也可以考虑投资一些简单的录音设备,如麦克风及声卡,这样录制出来的歌曲也更能接近专业的水准哦!


6)后期混音

制作一首歌曲的最后一步,就是把录好的音频进行混音处理啦!混音的作用除了修去录音时的瑕疵,如呼吸声、口水声等,还要调节歌手的声音和伴奏的音量,让听众听得舒服。此外,混音师也会善用各种混音工具,如EQ(调节音色)、压缩器(均衡音量)、混响(增加回音)等,让整首歌听起来更立体、更专业。


当然,如果你在录音时表现不佳,例如走音,还是可以靠“百万混音师”帮你救回来。


【结语】

以上就是创作一首音乐的完整工序啦!一首歌曲的创作并不复杂,也不一定要花很多钱。在这个人人都能逐梦的年代,我们鼓励你勇敢踏出第一步,放胆创作属于你的第一首音乐作品吧!


BINGYEN STUDIO 提供专业的录音、编曲及混音服务,而且价钱公道,服务周到。BINGYEN STUDIO创办人,马来西亚男孩郑斌彦曾经发行多首个人单曲,包括《马来西亚男孩》、《正能量》、《新年兔兔兔》,以及最新发布的《Kaya的味道》等等,在网络上皆收获不少的流量。


现在就联系BINGYEN STUDIO,让我们成为你逐梦的翅膀,一同创作属于你的成名曲吧!


The 6 Steps to Write a Song

Nowadays, more and more people want to write their own songs and create music. Whether it is for fame, money, personal interest, or a dream, technological advances have brought more convenience, allowing anyone to create their own music at home and share it on the internet to spread it around the world.


But how exactly is a song born? Today, let us tell you the six steps to creating a song!


1) Set the theme

Setting the theme can be said to be the most important part of creating your own song. What story does your song want to convey, what emotions does it contain, and can it resonate with the audience? These must be established at the beginning of the creation process. Here are some directions to consider when setting the theme.


Genre: Do you want to create a fast or slow song? Is it dance music, rock, ballad, jazz, or a style with ethnic flavor?


Audience: Is this song for children, adults, lovers, or the elderly who have walked halfway through their life? Different age groups have different preferences for types of music.


Purpose: Is this a love song, a song celebrating friendship, a theme song for advertising to promote a brand, or a song created for a specific holiday (such as New Year's)?


2) Drafting

After setting the theme, you can start drafting the lyrics! The creation of lyrics and music is often not done in one go, but completed gradually.


If you suddenly have inspiration at a certain moment, such as while taking a shower or before going to bed, and a lyric or melody comes to mind, you can immediately record it on your phone or use your phone's recording function to record the melody.


Here, we suggest that when writing lyrics, you can first write down a few key words and then slowly expand on them. When the song has a "prototype", you can officially start writing lyrics and composing music.


3) Writing lyrics and composing music

In fact, "writing lyrics" and "composing music" are two different processes. Some people like to write lyrics first and then compose music, while others prefer to compose music first and then write lyrics. Of course, some people can create the melody while writing lyrics at the same time. There is no right or wrong order, the most important thing is to find the way you like.


The creation of a song is similar to telling a story. It doesn't necessarily require fancy language, but the lyrics should be able to touch people's hearts. For example, "Fairy Tale" and "Mouse Loves Rice", although the lyrics are very simple, can resonate with the public.


There are also many ways to compose music. Generally, musicians will use a simple piano or guitar to produce a demo. However, if you don't know how to play any instruments, it doesn't matter! You can use the melody of the song recorded in clear voice, and then find a professional musician to arrange the melody for you (produce accompaniment).


4) Production and arrangement

Many people do not understand the difference between "composing" and "arranging". Simply put, "composing" tells everyone how to sing the song, while "arranging" is to produce accompaniment (karaoke).


Arranging can use live instruments or virtual instruments. Nowadays, almost any instrument (such as piano, guitar, violin, and drums) can be electronically simulated. For non-professionals, it is difficult to distinguish between live instruments and virtual instruments.


Live instruments have unique tones and can give people a real and delicate feeling, but they are more expensive. Virtual instruments have a wider range of tones and sound effects to choose from. Although they don't sound as real, they are cheaper to produce and easy to post-process. Many songs on the market combine live instruments and virtual instruments to achieve both cost-saving and realistic audiovisual effects.


5) Recording

After arranging the accompaniment, all you need to do is record your beautiful singing voice!

Regarding recording, you can choose to record at home by yourself, or seek professional recording studios and recording teachers for assistance. The advantage of finding a professional recording studio is that you can use professional recording equipment to record. The recording teacher can also guide you in real time and immediately rerecord flawed parts. If you choose to record at home, you can also consider investing in some simple recording equipment, such as microphones and sound cards, so that the recorded songs can be closer to professional level.


6) Post-production mixing

The final step in creating a song is to mix and process the recorded audio. Mixing serves not only to remove imperfections such as breathing and saliva sounds, but also to adjust the singer's voice and the volume of the accompaniment, making it pleasing to the listener. In addition, the mixing engineer will use various mixing tools such as EQ (tone adjustment), compressor (equalizing volume), and reverb (adding echo) to make the entire song sound more three-dimensional and professional.

Of course, if you performed poorly during recording, such as singing off-key, you can still rely on the "million-dollar mixing engineer" to save the day.


[Conclusion]

The above is the complete process of creating a song! Creating a song is not complicated, nor does it necessarily require a lot of money. In this era where everyone can pursue their dreams, we encourage you to take the first step bravely and create your first music work!


BINGYEN STUDIO provides professional recording, arranging, and mixing services at reasonable prices with attentive service. The founder of BINGYEN STUDIO, Malaysian boy BINGYEN, has released many personal singles, including "Malaysia Boy", "Positive Energy", "New Year Rabbit", and the latest "The Taste of Kaya", all of which have received a lot of online traffic.


Now contact BINGYEN STUDIO and let us be your dream wings to create your own famous song together!

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